than a decade, the Nord Stream 1 pipeline has normally supplied Germany and Western European countries with about 55 billion cubic meters of natural gas per year. In 2021, the gas transmission volume will reach 59.2 billion cubic meters, which has become an important part of the international energy pattern, and also affects the relations between Russia and Germany and other Western European countries, as well as the dynamics of the international energy field.
Central and Southwestern European job function email list countries such as the Netherlands, France, Italy, Austria and the Czech Republic all obtain some Russian natural gas from Nord Stream 1. At the same time, Russian natural gas is also transported to various countries through pipelines on land such as Ukraine. Nord Stream 1 and 2 are two parallel natural gas pipelines from Russia to Germany via the Baltic Sea. Photo Credit: BBC News The Ukraine War and the EU's Energy Shift As an energy power, Russia's direct access to the Nord Stream No. 1 and No. 2 of Germany, the largest manufacturing power in Europe, also affects the price of the international energy market. As early as in the second half of 2021, when the situation was tense before the outbreak of the Ukrainian war, Nord Stream 2 may be suspended,
and the supply of No. 1 may also be affected by the tense relations between Russia and the West. Market forecasts have caused international oil and gas prices to rise sharply. The construction of Nord Stream 1 and 2 was criticized by some people in the West, especially the United States, at the beginning, believing that this would increase Europe's energy dependence on Russia. In February 2022, the Russian-Ukrainian war broke out, and Germany suspended the already completed Nord Stream 2 project. Russia supplies 40% of the EU's natural gas and 27% of its imported oil. The EU pays Russia around 400 billion euros a year in return. After the outbreak of the Ukraine war, the United States called on Western countries to impose comprehensive sanctions on Russia. In March 2022, the new energy policy REPowerEU announced by the EU announced that it decided to finally stop relying on or even use Russian oil and gas, and speed up the transition to green energy, but said that it must also invest in the